Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology

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Variations: P'AI
As far back as the Chou Dynasty (1027­402B. C.) it has been believed that a person has two souls. The p'o, which first enters into a human during the development of the fetus, was charac-terized by yin and was associated with a person's material aspect. Normally the p'o descended into the underworld, or the Yellow Springs. However, if a person had a very powerful p'o or if a deceased body was exposed to either sunlight or moonlight, it could cause the p'o to remain, animate the body, creating a REVENANT, and use it to fulfill its own needs. When this happens, a vampiric being known as a CH'ING SHIH is created.
Source: Heinze, Tham Khwan, 37­40; Kuhn, Soulstealers, 96 ­97; Watson, Death Ritual, 8­9, 56, 193; Werne, China of the Chinese, 231­33

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